By National Research Council, Policy and Global Affairs, Technology, and Economic Policy Board on Science, Committee on Comparative Innovation Policy: Best Practice for the 21st Century, Charles Wessner, Kenneth Flamm, Masayuki Kondo, Sadao Nagaoka
Spotting capability to innovate and commercialize new high-technology items is more and more a key for the industrial progress within the atmosphere of tighter environmental and source constraints, governments around the globe have taken energetic steps to reinforce their nationwide innovation structures. those steps underscore the idea of those governments that the emerging expenditures and dangers linked to new probably high-payoff applied sciences, their spillover or externality-generating results and the turning out to be international pageant, require nationwide R&D courses to help the ideas through new and latest high-technology businesses inside their borders. The nationwide study Council's Board on technology, expertise, and financial coverage (STEP) has launched into a research of chosen overseas innovation courses compared to significant U.S. courses. The "21st Century Innovation structures for the USA and Japan: classes from a Decade of switch" symposium reviewed govt courses and tasks to aid the advance of small- and medium-sized organizations, government-university- collaboration and consortia, and the influence of the highbrow estate regime on innovation. This e-book brings jointly the papers provided on the convention and offers a ancient context of the problems mentioned on the symposium.
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Additional resources for 21st Century Innovation Systems for Japan and the United States: Lessons from a Decade of Change: Report of a Symposium
Keio University. May 30. Kawamoto, Takuji. 2004. ” Bank of Japan IMES Discussion Paper Series. No. 2004-E-5. Tokyo, Japan: Bank of Japan. Nishimura, Kiyohiko, Takanobu Nakajima, and Kozo Kiyota. 2003. “Does the Natural Selection Mechanism Still Work in Sever Recessions? ” Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization 58:53-78. Peck, M. , Levin, R. , and Goto, Akira. 1988. ” In J. B. Shoven, ed. Government Policy Toward Industry in the United States and Japan. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
S. innovation system—leading to the adoption of similar measures in Japan’s 1999 Law on Special Measures for Industrial Revitalization, sometimes referred to as the Japanese Bayh-Dole law. Describing the recent tensions between university and industry over the ownership of intellectual property and the economic terms for licensing sought by universities, Irwin Feller suggests that the industry and university relationship be guided from three general principles— 1. Successful university-industry collaboration should support the mission of each partner.
Patent (and innovation) system that have led to the current situation and the rationale behind the calls for reform. S. patent system include a change from the “ﬁrst to invent” standard to “ﬁrst inventor to ﬁle,” the elimination of the subjective “best mode” requirement, a reduction of the scope of willful infringement, the limitation of the injunction, the restriction of continuations applications, and the strengthening the post-grant opposition system. She also points out the emerging role of the patent system in facilitating the vertical disintegration of knowledgebased industries and the entry of new ﬁrms that possess only intangible assets.
21st Century Innovation Systems for Japan and the United States: Lessons from a Decade of Change: Report of a Symposium by National Research Council, Policy and Global Affairs, Technology, and Economic Policy Board on Science, Committee on Comparative Innovation Policy: Best Practice for the 21st Century, Charles Wessner, Kenneth Flamm, Masayuki Kondo, Sadao Nagaoka