By Dr. med. habil. László Záborszky (auth.)
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Extra resources for Afferent Connections of the Medial Basal Hypothalamus
As revealed by the biochemical measurements following various surgical transections, the ventral bundle contains most of the noradrenergic fibers to the NA and ME. Ventral Periventricular System. Caudally this system can be seen dorsolaterally to the interpeduncular nucleus. Fibers run ventrally from the supramamillary commissure to rostral and enter the dorsomedial hypothalamic and paraventricular nuclei through the posterior hypothalamic area. They form a broad ascending fiber system at the lateral aspect of the periventricular nucleus.
From the ventral amygdalo[ugal pathway, no fibers were found to project to the medial hypothalamus (Leonard and Scott 1971, Krettek and Price 1978a). On the basis of its origin and course, the stria terminalis has been classified in different ways (for ref. see Palkovits and Zllborszky 1979). The simplest and most logical is the classification of De Olmos (1972), according to which its dorsal fibers can be divided into supracommissural, retrocomrnissural, and commissural components. The supracommisural component innervates rostral limbic regions, the retrocommissural gives off fibers to the RCA and terminates in the capsular zone of the NVM.
After the total deafferentation of the MBH, there remains a substantial amount of serotonin in certain hypothalamic regions (Brownstein et al. 1976), suggesting that part of the serotonin present is of intrahypothalamic origin. Recently S-HT cells were indeed found in the medial hypothalamus (Descarries and Beaudet 1976, Chan-Palay 1977, Kent and Sladek 1978). 4 Nonmonoaminergic Innervation Apart from prOjections of the known monoaminergic regions, the lateral parabrachial region and the peripeduncular nucleus also project to the MBH.
Afferent Connections of the Medial Basal Hypothalamus by Dr. med. habil. László Záborszky (auth.)