By Stephen E. Harding, Michael P. Tombs, Gary G. Adams, Berit Smestad Paulsen, Kari Tvete Inngjerdingen, Hilde Barsett
Polysaccharides and comparable excessive molecular weight glycans are highly diversified with broad program in Biotechnology and nice possibilities for extra exploitation. An creation to Polysaccharide Biotechnology – a moment variation of the preferred unique textual content by means of Tombs and Harding – introduces scholars, researchers, clinicians and industrialists to the homes of a few of the most important fabrics concerned, how those are utilized, the various fiscal components relating their construction and the way they're characterised for regulatory purposes.
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Extra resources for An Introduction to Polysaccharide Biotechnology
6 HETEROXYLANS These are chains of (1→4) linked β-d-xylopyranosyl residues, with extensive side chains, and the main chain can also be acetylated. They may also carry phenols. These too make up part of the fibrous structure of the wall. 7 GALACTOMANNANS, GLUCOMANNANS AND GALACTOGLUCOMANNANS These, as their names suggest, contain galactose residues, and glucose residues attached as side chains to the main mannan chain. The proportions are high, reaching a ratio of 1:1:3 galactose:glucose:mannose with DP ranging up to 4000.
The student can find a table of values of this parameter in Lapasin and Pricl (1995, pp. 279–281). 5 how M, s, Rg and D can be extracted. The intrinsic viscosity [η] is obtained from the intercept of a plot of the reduced specific viscosity ηred (= (ηrel − 1)/C) versus C, where ηre1 is the ratio of the viscosity of the polysaccharide solution to that of the solvent in which it is dissolved (Harding, 1997, 2013). It is popularly measured using a thermostatically controlled rotational viscometer, which permits extrapolation to zero shear (in cases where the shear dependence is negligible, simple capillary viscometers can be used).
In large plants such as trees they become lignified and able to support the gravitational stresses on branches as well as maintain the structural integrity of phloem and xylem. These changes are associated with changes in the composition of the cell wall, which has a complex lamellar structure and, even in simple plants, many different components. They are considered in detail in subsequent chapters, but a summary of the main features is included here as part of a consideration of the main thrust of biotechnology developments.
An Introduction to Polysaccharide Biotechnology by Stephen E. Harding, Michael P. Tombs, Gary G. Adams, Berit Smestad Paulsen, Kari Tvete Inngjerdingen, Hilde Barsett